Catholic Parishes Network in Informal Settlements,
Nairobi – Kenya
Presentation of AFRICITIES at the KUTOKA MEETING
7th September 2006
AFRICITIES: Presentations by:
- UN HABITAT
- AFRICITIES SECRETARIAT
- JUA KALI SECTOR
a) Presentation by UN HABITAT ( Clara & Tekla)
UN HABITAT collects data on slum dwellers from all over the world to find better ways of enhancing their living conditions.
Urbanization: A turning point
By 2007, urban population will exceed rural population. Significant urban growth factors include: natural population increase; reclassification of rural areas as urban areas; and rural to urban migration. More than half of the world’s urban population lives in cities of less than 500,000.
Is urbanization good for development
- Cities drive the national economy
- They are engines of rural development
- Higher the urbanization, higher GDP
- Cities generate jobs , provide opportunities for investment, create formal & informal markets and offer more facilities that make countries rich.
Development indicators in cities are generally better than in villages:
- Health of urban dwellers is better.
- Education attainment is higher.
- Per capita income is higher.
- Urban growth rates & slum growth rates are almost identical in some regions.
- By 2030, the urban population of Africa will be larger than in Europe. Asia alone will account for more than half the world’s urban population (26 b out of 5 billion).
- There was unprecedented slum growth during 1990-2001 of 18 million new slum dwellers.
- Slum population will reach 1.4 billion in 2020.
What is a Slum?
It lacks one or more of the following: Access to improved water, access to improved sanitation, sufficient living area, durability of housing, secure tenure, lack of access to improved water in cities (official coverage of water is 95% in urban areas safe, affordable, sufficient & accessible).
The Urban Penalty
Hidden hunger in cities: In various low-income countries 4 out 10 slum children are malnourished.
- Slum dwellers die earlier, experience more hunger, have less education, have fewer chances of employment, suffer more ill-health than the rest of the urban population.
- Surveys in 7 African countries showed that in all countries HIV was higher in urban than rural areas. It was also higher in urban women than rural women.
- Urban poverty can be as intense, dehumanizing and life-threatening as rural poverty.
- MDGs will have to be waged in cities and slums.
- Economic growth does not automatically lead to slum reduction.
- Development aid or government investments must be directed at slums.
b) PRESENTATION BY AFRICITIES SECRETARIAT (Kinuthia Wamwangi, Deputy
Director, Africities Secretariat)
Africities is a conference of African Mayors residing in cities, councilors, town clerks, chairmen of local governments and other stakeholders. The Nairobi summit is the 4th since inception of Africities. Previous summits were held in Abidjan (1998), Windhoek (2000), and Yaonde (2003). Africities was started to provide a voice for African government movements. This year’s theme is: “Building local coalitions for the implementation of the Millenium Development Goals (MGDs) in African local government, including their targets”.
In 2000, poverty became a concern for most nations in the world. They pledged to harmonize wealth in the world by 2020. MGDs are known at the level of the state yet, they should be popularized to the grassroots and poor communities should be allowed to participate in their implementation.
Mr. Wamwangi took the meeting through the program of the Africities summit in details. He presented some information materials for the Africities including brochures and CDs.
c) PRESENTATION BY JUA KALI REPRESENTATIVES
MSEA (Micro & Small Enterprise Association) Kenya group was formed to cater for all stakeholders in the Jua Kali sector. Its main objectives are geared towards addressing the following challenges:
- lack of proper health care among Jua Kali artisans.
- Lack of accessible credit faicilites
- Lack of adequate security in work stations.
- Raising awareness on HIV/AIDS among the artisans.
Questions to Wamwangi & MSEA representatives:
Q. How is the representation of the church in Africities conference?
Q. How is the representation of slum dwellers in Africities?
Q. What is the interest of Africities to the poor?
Q. What is MSEA doing about settling the problem of hawkers in Nairobi city business district?
- Hawkers need better places/locations of selling their wares.
- Mr. Wamwangi advised KUTOKA to present its documents to the Secretary General for vetting so that they can be circulated to the delegates.
- The church, being a major stakeholder in helping the poor can become a main participant in Africities but she has to push for the opportunity